Designer Drug Addiction Treatment Center in Orange County, CA
A Designer drug is a structural or functional analog of a controlled substance that has been designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the drug, while avoiding classification as illegal and or detection in standard drug tests.
Some of these drugs were originally designed to discover more potent derivatives with fewer side effects, and were later co-opted forbidden for use. Because of the success and safety of these substances has not been thoroughly evaluated in animal and human trials, the use may result in unexpected effects.
From the year 2005 up until now most designer drugs have either been opioids, hallucinogens, or steroids. These drugs started to become popular from the 1990’s and 2000’s and grew in sales once the internet boom hit. Although there are over 180 different types of designer drug types on the list; the most common and abused are known and named as Spice, Bath Salts, Ketamine, Mushrooms, Ecstasy, and LSD.
The drug Spice has its classic roots in Marijuana and it produces a “mellow high.” This was initially thought to provide a legal alternative to marijuana, however the psychological effects have been much stronger than anticipated. Negative effects that come from its use include psychosis, stroke, heart attack, or kidney damage.
Another designer initialed as NBOMe (N-bomb), is rooted from the well-known LSD drug, and produces psychedelic trips and hallucinations. Delirium, paranoia, violence, seizures, a racing heart, or spiking blood pressure are all conditions that may arise from the use.
Bath Salts are stemmed from Cocaine and Amphetamines and are said to produce a euphoric, alert and energetic high. Excited delirium, dehydration, hyperthermia, muscle breakdown, or even kidney failure are attached as negative effects. Death becomes a factor as salts thwart communication between the parts in the brain and connectivity gets weaker with higher doses. “Snorting one line of bath salts can be like doing 10 lines of cocaine”, states Marcelo Febo, a neuroscientist.
Ecstasy or MDMA is the combination of a hallucinogen and a stimulant making it extremely toxic to an abuser. It has been deemed the most popular of designer drugs due in part to its high association with dance clubs and rave parties. Ecstasy can produce effects such as an enhanced sense of pleasure self-confidence, and increased energy. Psychedelic feelings are attached that include those of peacefulness, acceptance, and empathy. Abusers also claim that they experience feelings of closeness with others and a desire to touch them. So lethal is this drug that according to the Government and Drug Agencies, MDMA has become a nationwide problem as well as a serious health threat.
The term ‘Magical Mushrooms’ or “Shrooms” for short, refers to a range of wild mushrooms that produce psychedelic effects after being eaten. Consuming of these shrooms are generally the same as that of LSD except the hallucinogenic ‘trip’ is supposedly milder in severity. In addition to intoxication are heightened and altered senses along with intense emotions and other cognitive distortions. Arguably one of the most unique and destructive aspects of taking the mushroom is the “good or bad” trip experience that one undergoes. You can have a positive, happy and spiritual feeling, or a nightmare one of panic and anxiety. The worst part about taking one however apart from the fact that you will never know if you have accidentally taken a poisonous or lethal species of mushroom is the loss of reality, paranoia, or severe anxiety that comes with it.
Very much a part of designer drugs is Ketamine or known on the streets as ‘Special K’. It is placed in the same class of drugs as PCP (Angel dust) and Nitrous Oxide (laughing gas). Ketamine is most commonly seen in powder, but can also be found in a liquid or tablet form. When the drug separates or dissociates from the mind, the body and the brain is freed from the usual business of reacting to sensations from the body. Short term effects of the drug include an impaired attention learning ability, issues with memory, and recent accumulations of studies have shown that urinary tract and bladder issues arise. Abdominal “K cramps” have been reported by long term abusers. Long term effects associated with the drug according to the Center for Substance Abuse Research include that of: flashbacks, delirium, increased heart rate, loss of touch with reality, or muscle rigidity and death. Out of all the possible effects; causing major damage to the brain, even after one use, is an aspect highly overlooked. After many high doses, it has been said that users experience an effect referred to as a “K-Hole” an “out of body” or “near-death” experience. Individuals that are immersed in the club and rave scene culture have been identified as popularizing the use of the drug at its many events in recent years. It makes sense then that teenagers and young adult’s makeup the highest majority of abusers in the United States alone. Just as any of the designer drugs mentioned Ketamine produces ravaging effects on the life of the individual.
If you or any loved one in your life is dealing with the constant abuse of designer induced drugs contact Sheer Recovery for an immediate over the phone assessment. There are treatment options available including detox, residential stabilization, and outpatient care. We are here to support you or your loved one in recovery. Sheer Recovery will give you the tools you need and put you in the best position to succeed.