Stimulant Addiction Treatment
A stimulant as you might already understand can increase attention, alertness, and energy as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.
Due to their rendering a characteristic “up” feeling, stimulants are occasionally referred to as “uppers.” Depressants on the other hand, are known as “downers,” which decrease mental and physical function are the opposite of a stimulant. When it comes to medical use stimulants are currently used both individually and clinically for therapeutic purposes for problems such as: to counteract lethargy and fatigue throughout the day, to decrease appetite for weight loss and obesity, to improve concentration and focus, to relieve headache in part by potentiating other drugs, and can even sometimes be used to treat clinical depression and bipolar disorder.
Some of the names of these stimulants are known as Amphetamine, Nicotine, or Caffeine. In this extensive lineup of stimulants however lies three of the most addictive substances known to individuals. They are known as Cocaine, Methamphetamine, and Adderall.
Cocaine usually comes in its most common form of white crystalline powder and most of its use is seen as recreational so its abuse rate is very high. Street names associated with it are usually crack, candy, bump, or coke, and it can be snorted, smoked, or injected into the body. The short-term effects associated with cocaine are most valued yet fade quickly. It is this immediate and lasting exhaustion that quickly leads the user to want it again. Soon he is not trying to get “high” he is trying to get “well” to feel any energy at all.
Furthermore, the National Institute on Drug Abuse states that the possible short-term effects include anxiety, erratic and violent behavior, panic attacks, paranoia, heart rhythm problems, and a seizure, stroke or coma. Long-term effects if the user should get to this point may include: a loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, trouble swallowing or snorting, or poor nutrition from decreased appetite. One previous user of cocaine states that, “You believe that coke will increase your perception and it will allow to surpass yourself. You believe you will be able to control things, but that is bloody nonsense. After a while you will become defenseless and alone.” “At the time we don’t realize to what degree it destroys us.”
Along with cocaine resides Methamphetamine, also known as Crystal Meth, which believe it or not is heavily used to treat ADHD and obesity. Abusers take advantage of Meth in order to increase sexual desire, lift mood, and allow some to engage in sexual activity for several straight days. Taking a “hit” from this increases the levels of dopamine in the body and brain which causes the feelings of euphoria. Short term effects are nearly identical to Cocaine but may also include mood swings, acute psychosis-having false beliefs about where one is or who one is, or tremors and convulsions. One difficulty in determining the duration of effects is that users often go on a Speed Run or Binge. This means that they’ll continually use the drug, so there’s question about how long any short-term effects last. Also once tolerance has built in an individual it becomes more difficult to draw a timetable.
One final highly addictive stimulant which is often mentioned in top five lists for abuse is known as Adderall. The 18 through 25 year old age group has been identified as the most at risk for Adderall abuse.Most Adderall users claim to the stimulant helps them “stay awake, study, or improve their work or school performance”. According to a survey by the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids done in 2014, one in five college students abuses the stimulant, and one in seven non-students of similar age also report taking it. Adderall is a drug primarily used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy symptoms just as a few other stimulants do, and comes in tablet form or as a time-relapse capsule. The feeling that comes from taking the drug is similar to that of cocaine as users feel high energy and invigoration. Once these types of temporal positive feelings wear off however the symptoms of depression/lethargy, fatigue, or decreased ability to concentrate are seen.
Psychological effects that come into play can be low energy, disorientation, increased appetite, or lack of motivation. Over time, as an abuser continues to take the drug in larger amounts, the potential for long term effects of paranoia or hostility become more than just a reality. Common to Adderall abuse is what is known as a binge crash. During this event, the body does not sleep for a number of days, then sleeps extensively for a number of days following the insomnia. Many stimulants including cocaine, methamphetamine, and Adderall are at the top of the list for most abused drugs worldwide.The addiction withdrawal to stimulants can be so strong that the user believes the drug is vital to restore their life to function.
For these reasons we here at Sheer Recovery understand the gravest of addictions and how stimulants can negatively affect our lives. Upon contacting Sheer Recovery we will develop a personalized treatment plan to support you or your loved one in recovery.